Cooking Fundamentals

Korean Stone Bowls

Korean Stone (Dolsat) Bowls

While most anyone (except my husband) can follow a recipe, a skilled cook improvises,  adapts and creates recipes (and menus) using basic culinary fundamentals.   The greater your culinary “know-how”, the more liberating your time in the kitchen will be. You’ll be free to experiment and invent using whatever ingredients you happen to have on hand and to plan recipes and menus confidently.

Since most of my posts reflect my obsessive interest in understanding culinary science as well as basic techniques and kitchen tools, I have highlighted these “fundamentals” in posts and indexed them here.  My goal is to include in each post at least one fundamental gleaned from my years of culinary training and running a food business.  They fall into these general categories:

TECHNIQUES

These are basic culinary techniques — the kind drummed into our brains in culinary school.  For example — the standard breading procedure.  Once you know this technique, recipes  that require it become nice-to-have guides rather than essential.  You have a nice piece of fish in your refrigerator that you want to bread and fry for fish tacos?  You’re ready to go – no recipe needed.

TOOLS

While I’m not a believer in over-the-top kitchen gadgets, many kitchen tools are essential and it helps to be familiar with them. For example, a potato masher and potato ricer are not the same and have different purposes.  And there are many uncommon tools that seriously expand your cooking options.  For example, understanding dolsat bowls (how to season and use) opens up a world of great Korean dishes.

CULINARY SCIENCE

Understanding culinary science (how and why things happen in the kitchen) will make us all better cooks. If you don’t know WHY your beef stew had no flavor, your quick bread found a better use as a doorstop or your custard looked like the moon’s surface, how will you avoid a repeat performance?  So, take a minute to analyze what happened/didn’t happen/should happen, and then deliver a crowd-pleasing culinary success on your second try.

MENU PLANNING

Whether you are trying to make use of refrigerator leftovers for your family or planning a party for a crowd, knowing how to plan a workable menu really counts.   If using leftovers, it guarantees a delicious meal; if planning a party, it means a relaxed host and happy guests. But sound planning and understanding your limitations are essential to success in both cases.

 

COOKING FUNDAMENTALS 

Baking Soda (Sodium Bicarbonate) – chemical leavening and role in quick breads

Brining – purpose and process for brining meats

Caramelization (Browning) – purpose and method for creating flavor through caramelization

Chilis, Dried –  working with and using dried peppers

Deglazing – capturing the flavors of caramelized foods in the fond

Emulsifiers – what they do and use in dressings

Granola – using the correct temperature and fat balance for proper taste/texture

Fond – the basis for pan sauces and braising liquids.

Food-Safe Cooling – getting large food volumes through the temperature danger zone quickly

Menu Planning – for a no-kitchen, no-seating appetizer venue

Meringue – three basic types or meringue and keys to success

Moist Heat Cooking – With (and Without) Browning – two-step cooking process for tender and flavorful meats

Pasta, “No Boil”  – difference between “no boil” and regular pasta and how to use 

Steaming Vegetables – nutrient, flavor and color preservation

Tempering Eggs – preventing clumps and lumps

2 thoughts on “Cooking Fundamentals

  1. Jeannee, I’m not much of a cook, but I’m a scientist as well, and consequently, am interested in culinary science. I’m sure that you’ve heard of the Modernist Cuisine books. I live on a small island in Georgia (St. Simons Island), and strangely, our tiny library has all the collection of these hardback books. I heard about the books on an old podcast of Freakonomics. I’ve been going through the books and they’re fascinating. Have you seen them? Caution: a shameless plug follows! I even wrote a post on cooking a burger in liquid nitrogen. Check it out. http://gallivance.net/2013/02/08/cooking-the-perfect-medium-rare-burger-you-wont-believe-it/
    ~James

    • James – You live on St Simons? How lovely. I hope you are a golfer! And thanks for the tip. I am having a crazy busy week so no time yet, but I will certainly look these up. I rely on 3 sources for my culinary science 1) my science background, 2) the science you learn in culinary school (not much) and 3) Harold McGee’s books. He is terrific. But I always love to learn more and would take most any recommendation from the Freakonomics authors. Will let you know when I have time to look at it….

Please enter your questions and comments here.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s